Neurology

 

Webinars (CE Eligible)

Nutricia North America is pleased to provide a variety of clinically-oriented educational lectures. These Nutricia sponsored presentations are intended for healthcare professionals.
In this section, you will find the name and description of all the recorded lectures available. Each of the following presentations is approximately 60 minutes long and is available for viewing at no cost. In addition, viewers can receive a certificate of attendance and most lectures are eligible for continuing education credit for dietitians and nurses. In order for the recorded lecture to be considered for continuing education for dietitians by the Commission on Dietetic Registration, the recording must be viewed within 3 years of the date of the live presentation.

  • 6/29/20 Keto University - Navigating through Ketogenic Diet Obstacles for the Management of Epilepsy

    Please join Robyn Blackford, RDN, LDN for a 1-hour educational webinar.

    Webinar Objectives:

    • Identify common and rare side effects of the medical ketogenic diet.
    • Assess various ways to resolve side effects of the medical ketogenic diet.
    • Determine ways to proactively avoid harmful side effects for patients on medical ketogenic diet.

    *This event is eligible for 1 continuing education (CE) credit.

    Download Webinar Handouts

  • 7/13/20 Keto University - Ketone Bodies in Health and Disease: The Underlying Science and Potential Therapeutic Applications

    Please join Jong Rho, MD for a 1-hour educational webinar.

    Webinar Objectives:

    • Explain the biochemistry of ketone bodies, and their relevance to normal human physiology.
    • Highlight the scientific evidence for the cellular protective effects of ketone bodies.
    • Examine therapeutic strategies to induce or mimic systemic ketosis in disease models and in humans.

    *This event is eligible for 1 continuing education (CE) credit.

  • 7/27/20 Keto University - MCT Oil Ketogenic Diet for the Management Epilepsy

    Please join Vanessa Aldaz, MPH, RD, CDE for a 1-hour educational webinar.

    Webinar Objectives:

    • Identify patients who would be ideal candidates for the MCT oil ketogenic diet for epilepsy.
    • Calculate and implement an MCT oil diet meal plan.
    • Discover the benefits and therapeutic uses of MCT oil.
    • Discuss reasons why MCT oil may be used as a supplement in other ketogenic diet variants.

    *This event is eligible for 1 continuing education (CE) credit.

  • 8/12/20 Keto University - Food Allergies and the Blenderized Diet in Medical Ketogenic Diet Patients with Epilpesy

    Please join Lindsey Thompson, PhD, RD, CSP, LD, Laura Dority, MS, RD, LD and Jessica Brown, RD, CSP, CNSC, CLEC
    Webinar Objectives:

    • Outline various ways to implement a medical ketogenic diet for patients with food allergies or other dietary restrictions.
    • Develop ketogenic blenderized recipes utilizing specialized commercial products.
    • Learn how to integrate “super” foods into a blenderized diet.
    • Generate blenderized recipes for patients with food allergies or following a vegan or vegetarian diet.

    *This event is eligible for 1 continuing education (CE) credit.

  • 8/24/20 Keto University - Cooking Tips and Recipe Adaptation on the Medical Ketogenic Diet

    Please join us for an informative webinar as medical ketogenic chef, Rachel Finn presents and demonstrates how to adapt recipes to be compliant with the medical ketogenic diet.

    Webinar Objectives:

    • Describe best practices when teaching families how to cook medical ketogenic recipes.
    • Effectively modify home recipes to be appropriate for the medical ketogenic diet.
    • Demonstrate how to cook foods on the medical ketogenic diet.

    *This event is eligible for 1 continuing education (CE) credit.

  • 9/9/20 Keto University - Medical Ketogenic Diet Basics for the Non-Ketogenic Clinician

    Please join us for an informative webinar as Keto Ambassador, Zahava Turner, RD, CSP, LD, presents on the basics of the medical ketogenic diet for the non-ketogenic clinician.

    Webinar Objectives:

    • Discuss the history of the medical ketogenic diet.
    • Review the different diet variants.
    • Calculate the medical ketogenic diet.
    • Identify helpful tips for monitoring patients on the medical ketogenic diet.

    *This event is eligible for 1 continuing education (CE) credit.

  • Keto University - Achieving Optimal Vitamin and Mineral Supplementation for Patients on the Medical Ketogenic Diet for the Management Epilepsy

    Please join Stacey Bessone, RDN, LDN for a 1-hour educational webinar.

    Webinar Objectives:

    • Identify common vitamin and mineral concerns including MOA, symptomology and physical exam findings for patients on the ketogenic diet.
    • Describe requirements (DRIs) and suggested supplementation for patients on the diet.
    • Acknowledge possible behavioral components that impact feeding and swallowing skills.
    • Suggest lab work relating to vitamin and mineral deficiencies of patients on the ketogenic diet.

  • *This event is eligible for 1 continuing education (CE) credit.

    Download Webinar Handouts

  • Keto University - The Present and Future of the Ketogenic Diet as it Approaches its Second Century

    Please join Eric Kossoff, MD for a 1-hour educational webinar on the present and future of the ketogenic diet.

    Webinar Objectives:

    • Share the latest updates on ketogenic diet clinical use and expanded flexibility in 2020 based on the latest studies.
    • Discover tips and tricks for maintaining a ketogenic diet service during the COVID-19 pandemic.
    • Recognize future directions and areas of needed ketogenic diet research for the second century of the ketogenic diet!

  • *This event is eligible for 1 continuing education (CE) credit.

    Download Webinar Handouts

  • Keto University - Low Ratio, Slow Outpatient Initiation & Maintenance of the Medical Ketogenic Diet: Update & Practical Guidance for the RD

    Please join Jennifer Fabe, BSc, MSc, RD, for a 1-hour educational webinar.

    Objectives:

    • Review updated statistics on patients who have been started on the medical ketogenic diet in Canada with the Low and Slow outpatient initiation method.
    • Calculate patient examples using the Low and Slow outpatient initiation method in further detail.
    • Answer questions from audience members about the Low and Slow Outpatient Initiation method.

  • *This event is eligible for 1 continuing education (CE) credit.

    Download Webinar Handouts

  • Keto University 2020 Kickoff – Navigating Telemedicine – Keto Tips and Tricks

    Learn tips and tricks from around the country from Nutricia’s 5 Keto Ambassadors - Zahava Turner, RD, CSP, LD, Stacey Bessone, RDN, LDN, Robyn Blackford, RDN, LDN, Lindsey Thompson, PhD, RD, CSP, LD, and Vanessa Aldaz, MPH, RD, CDE, on how to manage ketogenic diet patients using telemedicine and diet instruction at home.

    Download Webinar Handouts

  • Feeding and Swallowing Assessment of the Pediatric Medical Ketogenic Diet Patient

    Please join Lindsey Phillips, OTD, OTR/L for a 1-hour educational webinar on feeding and swallowing assessment of pediatric patients on the medical ketogenic diet.
    Webinar Objectives:

    • Learn the four components of a standard feeding and swallowing evaluation.
    • Identify environmental factors that should be considered during mealtimes.
    • Acknowledge possible behavioral components that impact feeding and swallowing skills.
    • Identify abnormal chewing and swallowing skills that impair safety with feeding.

  • *This event is eligible for one (1) CEU credit. To obtain the code for your certificate of attendance, please fill out this brief survey then obtain your certificate on NLC.

    Download Webinar Handouts

  • KetoCal® 2.5:1: A New Medical Food to Manage Your Adult and Older Children on the Ketogenic Diet

    Please join Ellen Avery, MS, RD, Medical Advisor, Nutricia North America, for a 1-hour educational webinar on KetoCal 2.5:1.

    Webinar objectives:

    • Review KetoCal's history and evidence
    • Understand how the new KetoCal 2.5:1 fits in your patients' epilepsy management plan
    • Discover the benefits and key nutritional components of the new KetoCal 2.5:1 for your patients

  • Download Webinar Handouts

  • Ketogenic Diet Therapy for Adults with Epilepsy

    Please join Kelly Faltersack MS, RD, CD, and Dr. Elizabeth Felton, MD, PhD, for a 1-hour educational Webinar on the dietary management of epilepsy in adults.

    • Identify adults who may benefit from ketogenic diet therapy
    • Discuss evidence supporting the use of ketogenic diet therapy in adults
    • Understand unique considerations for starting ketogenic diet therapy in adults (compared to children)
    • Learn about tools to help adults be successful when starting ketogenic diet therapy

  • *This event is eligible for 1 continuing education (CE) credit.

    Download Webinar Handouts

  • A Systematic Review of Literature on the Quality of Life on the Ketogenic Diet

    Please join Martin Verkuyl, PhD, researcher from Nutricia Utrecht as he reviews research on the quality of life and the ketogenic diet.
    By the end of this webinar, attendees will be able to interpret key studies that shape research on the quality of life in the ketogenic diet.
    Eligible for 1 CEU credit for nurses and dietitians.

  • Ketogenic Diets: Modifications to Manage Seizure Disorders

    Please join Yeou-Mei Christiana Liu, MSc, RD, RDN, CHES of The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada for an educational webinar on the ketogenic diet. By the end of this webinar, participants will be able to:

    • Determine which ketogenic diet is suitable for each individual patient
    • Modify various forms of the ketogenic diet to maximize effectiveness

  • *This event is eligible for one (1) CEU credit. To obtain the code for your certificate of attendance, please fill out this brief surveythen obtain your certificate on NLC.

    Download Webinar Handouts

  • Refractory Epilepsy Patients: Management Options when Drugs Fail

    Join us for a 1 hour educational webinar with Dr. Arthur Partikian discussing management options for refractory epilepsy patients when drugs fail.

    Participants will be able to:

    • Understand alternative management options when antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) fail
    • Discuss the existing clinical evidence and mechanism of action for one such option: the ketogenic diet
    • Identify best candidates for the ketogenic diet
    • Evaluate how the ketogenic diet could benefit one’s own patients

  • *This event is eligible for one (1) CEU credit. To obtain the code for your certificate of attendance, please fill out this brief survey brief survey then obtain your certificate on NLC.

    Download Webinar Handouts

  • The Role of the Neurology Nurse in the Ketogenic Diet Program

    Join us for a 1-hour educational webinar with Claire Chee, RN, BS discussing the evolution of the role of the nurse in a ketogenic diet program. Nurse Claire will also share tips from her decades of experience with the ketogenic diet. This talk was one of the highlights of KetoU 2017 in Chicago, and we are pleased to be able to bring Nurse Claire’s experience to a wider audience.
    Participants will be able to:

    • Describe the role a neurology nurse can play within a ketogenic diet program.
    • Discuss how the addition of a neurology nurse could grow and enhance a keto team.
    • Understand issues that could arise in the ketogenic diet from a nursing perspective.

    *This event is eligible for one (1) CEU credit. To obtain the code for your certificate of attendance, please fill out this brief survey then obtain your certificate on NLC. 

  • Ketogenic Diet Basics: The Modified Atkins Diet

    Please join our Keto Ambassador, Stacey Bessone, RDN, LDN for an informative webinar on the basics of the modified Atkins Diet.

    By the end of this webinar, participants will be able to:

    • Describe the guidelines for use of the Modified Atkins Diet and an appropriate patient for the diet
    • Formulate an educational plan to instruct a family on the Modified Atkins Diet
    • Review a case study applying new knowledge from the MAD presentation

    *Please note: Dietitians cannot claim credit for recorded events beyond 3 years from live event date.

    Download Webinar Handouts

  • Managing a Cross-Cultural Ketogenic Diet

    Please join Keto Ambassador, Vanessa Aldaz, MPH, RD, CDE, for a free, one hour educational webinar on how to implement the ketogenic diet in various cultures.
    By the end of this webinar, participants will be able to: 

    • Define the terms, culture and ethnic background
    • Understand the premise of "Ethno-consciousness in MNT counseling
    • Provide examples of different KD initiation protocols used in other countries
    • Provide examples of how to prepare a KD for specific ethnic and cultural backgrounds
    *Please note: Dietitians cannot claim credit for recorded events beyond 3 years from live event date.

    Download Webinar Handouts

  • Problem Solving GI Issues in the Ketogenic Diet

    Please join our Keto Ambassador, Lindsey Thompson, MS, RD for an educational webinar targeted for new and non-Keto dietitians on Problem Solving GI Issues in the Ketogenic Diet.
    At the end of this webinar, participants will be able to: 

    • List potential gastrointestinal (GI) complications of the ketogenic diet
    • Evaluate possible interventions for GI complications of the ketogenic diet

    *Please note: Dietitians cannot claim credit for recorded events beyond 3 years from live event date.

    Download Webinar Handouts

  • Older Children and the Ketogenic Diet

    Please join our Keto Ambassador, Stacey Bessone, RDN, LDN, for a free, one hour educational webinar on the topic of Older Children and the Ketogenic Diet.

    By the end of this webinar, participants will be able to:

    • Interpret the latest research for older children, adolescents and adults on the ketogenic diet
    • Compare and contrast the use of variations of the ketogenic diet in older children, adolescents and adults
    • Define and describe obstacles of older children, adolescents and adults on the ketogenic diet and ways to address them

  • *Please note: Dietitians cannot claim credit for recorded events beyond 3 years from live event date.

    Download Webinar Handouts

  • Fine Tuning & Troubleshooting the Ketogenic Diet

    Please join Keto Ambassador, Robyn Blackford, RDN, LDN, for an educational webinar on how to fine tune and troubleshoot the ketogenic diet.

    At the end of this webinar, participants will be able to:

    • Calculate how to make changes to various forms of the ketogenic diet
    • Appropriately adjust calories, ketogenic diet ratio and supplements based on nutrition needs
    • Determine appropriate interventions for a sick patient on the ketogenic diet dependent upon symptoms

  • *Please note: Dietitians cannot claim credit for recorded events beyond 3 years from live event date.

  • Special Circumstances and the Ketogenic Diet

    Join our KetoAmbassadors Lindsey Thompson, MS, RD; and Zahava Turner, RD, for an educational Webinar targeted for new and non-Keto dietitians on special circumstances as related to the ketogenic diet – Status epilepticus and the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU).

    At the end of this webinar, participants will be able to:

    • Define status epilepticus
    • Identify ways to initiate the ketogenic diet for a patient in status epilepticus
    • Review the ketogenic diet induction process in the NICU
    • Recite potential complications and troubleshooting related to diet initiation in the NICU
    *Please note: Dietitians cannot claim credit for recorded events beyond 3 years from live event date.

    Download Webinar Handouts

  • The Classic Ketogenic Diet: Evidence, Diet Calculations and Case Reports

    Join our Keto Ambassadors Lindsey Thompson, MS, RD; and Zahava Turner, RD, for a 1-hour educational webinar targeted for new and non-Keto dietitians on the basics of the Classic Ketogenic Diet (cKD).

    Participants will be able to:

    • Describe the evidence surrounding the efficacy of the classic ketogenic diet
    • Implement the learnings in calculating the cKD
    • Discuss basic case reports on the cKD
    *Please note: Dietitians cannot claim credit for recorded events beyond 3 years from live event date.

    Download webinar handouts

  • The Ketogenic Diet: Sharing Best Practices for Tube Feeding

    Join us for a 1-hour educational webinar and hear from keto expert Becky Sparks, RD on using the Ketogenic Diet (KD) in tube-fed patients. Eligible for one CEU credit. 

    This webinar will cover:

    • Introducing the Ketogenic Diet for already tub-fed patients
    • Hints and tips for a successful implementation

    *Please note: Dietitians cannot claim credit for recorded events beyond 3 years from live event date.

  • The Ketogenic Diet Beyond Epilepsy

    Join us for an educational Webinar and hear from expert Beth Zupec-Kania, R.D.N. (Ketogenic Therapies, LLC & The Charlie Foundation).

    This webinar will cover:

    • Identify disorders for which the ketogenic diet is contraindicated
    • Identify conditions that benefit from ketogenic diet therapy
    • Identify a specific diet recommendation for one disorder or condition

    *Please note: Dietitians cannot claim credit for recorded events beyond 3 years from live event date.

  • Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Deficiency (PDH) and the Ketogenic Diet (KD)

    Join us for an educational Webinar and hear from expert Anne Boney, MEd, RD, LDN (QOL Medical; formerly Duke University Medical Center) about the nutritional management of PDH.

    This webinar will cover:

    • Overview and biochemical background of PDH
    • Review of known therapies for PDH
    • Review of a published case report

    *Please note: Dietitians cannot claim credit for recorded events beyond 3 years from live event date.

  • Nutrient Deficiency in the Ketogenic Diet: How to monitor for, prevent and address them

    Please join Jessica Holy, MS, RD/LD for an informative webinar focused on nutrient deficiencies commonly associated with the ketogenic diet. Content will include a literature review, case studies and a Q&A.

    This webinar will cover:

    • Potential nutrient deficiencies commonly associated with the ketogenic diet
    • What does the literature say?
    • How to monitor, manage and prevent deficiencies

    *Please note: Dietitians cannot claim credit for recorded events beyond 3 years from live event date.

  • Ketone Testing in Managing the Ketogenic Diet – Literature review and case studies

    Join us for a 1-hour educational webinar and hear from experts Denise Potter, RD, CDE and Kelly Urbanik, RD, LDN, CSP as they review literature and research on the ketogenic diet.

    • Review of the literature and research on the role of blood ketone testing in initiating and managing the ketogenic diet.
    • Case studies

  • *Please note: Dietitians cannot claim credit for recorded events beyond 3 years from live event date.

  • Preparing Families for the Ketogenic Diet Journey

    Please join presenter Robyn Blackford, RD, Keto-Dietitian at Ann and Robert Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago for a free one hour educational webinar on the ketogenic diet (KD).

    This webinar will cover:

    • How to get families ready for the ketogenic diet
    • Review of the education process at Ann and Robert Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago, one of the largest ketogenic diet programs in the US

  • *Please note: Dietitians cannot claim credit for recorded events beyond 3 years from live event date.

  • Implementing the Ketogenic Diet in Infants: An Overview and Case Reports

    Please join presenter Becky Sparks, RD, Keto-Dietitian at Children’s Hospital of Michigan, and Therese O’Flaherty, RD, Keto-Dietitian at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital for a free one hour educational webinar on the usage of the ketogenic diet (KD) in infants.

    This webinar will cover:

    • Review of scientific literature regarding usage of the KD in infants
    • Implementing the KD in infant
    • Discussion of case reports

  • *Please note: Dietitians cannot claim credit for recorded events beyond 3 years from live event date.

  • New Developments in the Ketogenic Diet for Infantile Spasms

    Please join presenters Dr. Eric Kossoff, Associate Professor of Neurology and Pediatrics, The Johns Hopkins Hospital and Zahava Turner, RD from the John Hopkins Ketogenic Diet Center, Baltimore, MD for a free one hour presentation on Infantile Spasms and the use of the ketogenice diet. Webinar objectives:

    • Review of scientific evidence
    • The ketogenic diet from the perspective of the dietitian

  • *Please note: Dietitians cannot claim credit for recorded events beyond 3 years from live event date.

    Watch this webinar

Healthcare Professional Tools

  • KetoCal Pocket Portfolio

    KetoCal, Liquigen and Polycal product information including, nutrition information and approximate household measures.

  • KetoCal Connect

    Our KetoCal Connect program is designed to help your patients by connecting caregivers to the information, support and resources they need to successfully start and stay on the medical ketogenic diet.

  • *NEW* KetoCal Patient Starter Kit

    We are pleased to offer New Patient Starter Kits to help your patients to start and stay on the medical ketogenic diet successfully. Each kit contains a digital gram scale, cooking spatula, mixing bowl, caregiver guide, and more. Caregivers or patients can request kits online by setting up an account on MyKetoCal.com - https://shop.myketocal.com/KetoKit. If you’d like to have starter kits or instruction postcards on hand for your clinic, please reach out to your Nutricia Territory Manager. If you don’t know who your Territory Manager is, please contact Customer Services at 1-800-365-7354.

  • Nutricia Navigator

    Nutricia Navigator is a free service designed to help your patients find product coverage and access. It offers one-on-one help to your patients.

  • KetoCal 2.5:1

    KetoCal® 2.5:1 is our latest ketogenic formula specifically designed for children over 8 years of age, adolescents and adults.

  • KetoCal Consent Form

    Since KetoCal is a medical food, healthcare provider consent is required for patients or caregivers to receive samples or place orders. You can provide consent for your patient online or with this paper form.

  • Letters of Medical Necessity

    We created the following sample letters of medical necessity to help patients request insurance coverage for KetoCal or Liquigen. You can complete the missing information and individualize the letters to suit your patient's situation and needs. Simply click the appropriate product below to download the Word file of each sample letter. Please note: our Nutricia Product Coverage Navigator team is available to help you and your patients to obtain coverage for our medical foods. This includes assistance with drafting letters of medical necessity, obtaining prior authorization for our products, correcting billing errors, appealing denied claims and much more. If you or your patients need personalized assistance with KetoCal or Liquigen coverage call 1-800-365-7354 or email NutriciaNavigator@nutricia.com

Flowcharts/Guidelines

  • KetoCal Clinician Decision Guide

    This guide illustrates the most appropriate and convenient choice of ketogenic formula for various types of ketogenic diet. It is a tool that may be used as a decision making guide for clinicians. The flowchart poses guiding questions and considerations to ensure patients nutrition needs are being met. It includes a list of the KetoCal family of products.

  • Green Flags for the Using the Ketogenic Diet in Refractory Epilepsy

    This document helps neurologists or other healthcare professionals to identify ideal patient candidates for the ketogenic diet.

Patient Resources

  • Nutricia Navigator

    Nutricia Navigator is a free service designed to help patients and caregiver's obtain coverage for medical foods. The Navigator Team will provide customized one-on-one help.

  • KetoCal Connect Program

    The KetoCal Connect program was designed to help your patients by connecting caregivers to the information, support and resources they need to successfully start and stay on the medical ketogenic diet. These educational pieces are perfect for new keto families. Visit myKetoCal.com/KetoCalconnect and upload the below pdf for your patients.

  • My Keto Planner - Recipe Ideas

    A diet management tool, recipe sharing database, and social network, specifically designed for the Ketogenic Diet Community! Healthcare professionals and caregivers create their own accounts that can be linked together (Note: caregivers have limited use of the program until their account is linked with a healthcare provider). Caregivers can register for free at MyKetoPlanner.com. Caregiver User Guide and My Keto Planner Q&A available to provide to caregivers for assistance with getting started.

  • Around the World Keto Recipes

    Ketogenic Diet Chef, Rachel Finn created a versatile ketogenic dough recipe that she used to come up with a variety of globally-inspired meals that are both keto-friendly and delicious. From pizza bites to empanadas, your patients will love these new flavorful recipe ideas. All of these recipes can also be found on myketoplanner.com and can be modified or served with high fat drinks (such as heavy cream or KetoCal) to reach your patients’ needed ratios.

Reference Library

  • Clinical Studies Using KetoCal

    References for Clinical Studies Using KetoCal.

    • Kossoff EH et al. Prospective study of the Modified Atkins Diet in combination with a ketogenic liquid supplement during the initial month. J Child Neurol 2011;26(2):147-51 PubMed
    • Coppola G, et al. Ketogenic diet for the treatment of catastrophic epileptic encephalopathies in childhood. Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2010 May;14(3):229-34. PubMed
    • Wusthoff CJ, et al. The ketogenic diet in treatment of two adults with prolonged nonconvulsive status epilepticus. Epilepsia. 2010 Jun;51(6):1083-5. PubMed
    • Rubenstein JE. Use of the ketogenic diet in neonates and infants. Epilepsia. 2008 Nov;49 Suppl 8:30-2. PubMed
  • The Ketogenic Diet for Children with Intractable Epilepsy

    Clinical References for The Ketogenic Diet for Children with Intractable Epilepsy.

    • Aguirre Castaneda RL, et al. Successful treatment of type 1 diabetes and seizures with combined ketogenic diet and insulin. Pediatrics. 2012 Feb;129(2):e511-4. PubMed
    • Cusmai R, et al. Ketogenic diet in early myoclonic encephalopathy due to non ketotic hyperglycinemia. Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2012 Jan 17. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed
    • Groomes LB, et al. Do patients with absence epilepsy respond to ketogenic diets? J Child Neurol. 2011 Feb;26(2):160-5. PubMed
    • Dressler A, et al. Long-term outcome and tolerability of the ketogenic diet in drug-resistant childhood epilepsy--the Austrian experience. Seizure. 2010 Sep;19(7):404-8. PubMed
    • Patel A, et al. Long-term outcomes of children treated with the ketogenic diet in the past. Epilepsia. 2010 Jul;51(7):1277-82. PubMed
    • Kossoff EH. The ketogenic diet: an appropriate first-line therapy? Expert Rev Neurother. 2010 Jun;10(6):843-5. PubMed
    • Coppola G, et al. Ketogenic diet for the treatment of catastrophic epileptic encephalopathies in childhood. Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2010 May;14(3):229-34. PubMed
    • Kossoff EH, et al. Ketogenic Diets: An Update for Child Neurologists. J Child Neurol. 2009 Aug;24(8):979-88. PubMed
    • Neal EG, et al. A randomized trial of classical and medium-chain triglyceride ketogenic diets in the treatment of childhood epilepsy. Epilepsia. 2009;50(5):1109–17. PubMed
    • Rubenstein JE. Use of the ketogenic diet in neonates and infants. Epilepsia. 2008 Nov;49 Suppl 8:30-2. PubMed
    • Kossoff EH, et al. Optimal clinical management of children receiving the ketogenic diet: recommendations of the International Ketogenic Diet Study Group. Epilepsia. 2009 Feb;50(2):304-17. PubMed
    • Freeman JM, et al. The ketogenic diet: one decade later. Pediatrics. 2007 Mar;119(3):535-43. Abstract
    • Bergqvist AG, et al. Vitamin D status in children with intractable epilepsy, and impact of the ketogenic diet. Epilepsia. 2007 Jan;48(1):66-71. PubMed
    • Hartman AL, et al. Clinical aspects of the ketogenic diet. Epilepsia. 2007 Jan;48(1):31-42. Abstract
    • Bough KJ, et al. Anticonvulsant mechanisms of the ketogenic diet. Epilepsia. 2007 Jan;48(1):43-58. PubMed
    • Groesbeck DK, et al. Long-term use of the ketogenic diet in the treatment of epilepsy. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2006 Dec;48(12):978-81. PubMed
    • Henderson CB, et al. Efficacy of the ketogenic diet as a treatment option for epilepsy: meta-analysis. J Child Neurol. 2006 Mar;21(3):193-8. PubMed
    • Bergqvist AG, et al. Fasting versus gradual initiation of the ketogenic diet: a prospective, randomized clinical trial of efficacy. Epilepsia. 2005 Nov;46(11):1810-9. PubMed
    • Rubenstein JE, et al. Experience in the use of the ketogenic diet as early therapy. J Child Neurol. 2005 Jan;20(1):31-4. PubMed
    • Pfeifer HH, et al. Low-glycemic-index treatment: a liberalized ketogenic diet for treatment of intractable epilepsy. Neurology. 2005 Dec 13;65(11):1810-2. PubMed
    • Kossoff EH, et al. Benefits of an all-liquid ketogenic diet. Epilepsia. 2004 Sep;45(9):1163. PubMed
    • Mandel A, et al. Medical costs are reduced when children with intractable epilepsy are successfully treated with the ketogenic diet. J Am Diet Assoc. 2002 Mar;102(3):396-8. PubMed
    • Hemingway C, et al. The ketogenic diet: a 3- to 6-year follow-up of 150 children enrolled prospectively. Pediatrics. 2001 Oct;108(4):898-905. PubMed
    • Freeman JM, et al. The efficacy of the ketogenic diet-1998: a prospective evaluation of intervention in 150 children. Pediatrics. 1998 Dec;102(6):1358-63. PubMed
  • The Modified Atkins Diet for Children with Intractable Epilepsy

    Clinical References for The Modified Atkins Diet for Children with Intractable Epilepsy.

    • Sharma S, et al. Use of the modified Atkins diet in infantile spasms refractory to first-line treatment. Seizure. 2012 Jan;21(1):45-8. PubMed
    • Kim YM, et al. Various indications for a modified Atkins diet in intractable childhood epilepsy. Brain Dev. 2011 Oct 14. PubMed
    • Kossoff EH, et al. Prospective study of the Modified Atkins Diet in combination with a ketogenic liquid supplement during the initial month. J Child Neurol 2011;26(2):147-51. PubMed
    • Ito Y, et al. A modified Atkins diet is promising as a treatment for glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2011 Jul;53(7):658-63. PubMed
    • Miranda MJ, et al. Danish study of a Modified Atkins diet for medically intractable epilepsy in children: Can we achieve the same results as with the classical ketogenic diet? Seizure. 2011;20:151-155. PubMed
    • Kumada T, et al. Modified Atkins Diet for the Treatment of Nonconvulsive Status Epilepticus in Children. J Child Neurol. 2010;25(4):485-489. PubMed
    • Kossoff EH, at al. A pilot study of the modified Atkins diet for Sturge-Weber syndrome. Epilepsy Res. 2010 Dec;92(2-3):240-3. PubMed
    • Barzegar M, et al. A Modified Atkins Diet for Intractable Epilepsy. Iran J Child Neurology. 2010;4(3):15-20. Abstract
    • Tonekaboni SH, et al. Efficacy of the Atkins diet as therapy for intractable epilepsy in children. Archives of Iranian Medicine. 2010;13(6):492-7. PubMed
    • Porta N, et al. Comparison of seizure reduction and serum fatty acid levels after receiving the ketogenic and modified Atkins diet. Seizure. 2009;18(5):359–364. PubMed
    • Kang HC, et al. Use of a modified Atkins diet in intractable childhood epilepsy. Epilepsia. 2007;48(1):182–6. PubMed
    • Kossoff EH, et al. A randomized, crossover comparison of daily carbohydrate limits using the modified Atkins diet. Epilepsy Behav. 2007 May;10(3):432-6. PubMed
    • Kossoff EH, et al. A modified Atkins diet is effective for the treatment of intractable pediatric epilepsy. Epilepsia. 2006;47(2):421-4. PubMed
  • Dietary Therapies for Adults with Epilepsy

    Clinical References for Dietary Therapies for Adults with Epilepsy

    • Wusthoff CJ, et al. The ketogenic diet in treatment of two adults with prolonged nonconvulsive status epilepticus. Epilepsia. 2010 Jun;51(6):1083-5. PubMed
  • Infantile Spasms

    Clinical References for Infantile Spasms.

    • Sharma S, et al Use of the modified Atkins diet in infantile spasms refractory to first-line treatment. Seizure. 2012 Jan;21(1):45-8. PubMed
    • Numis AL, et al. The relationship of ketosis and growth to the efficacy of the ketogenic diet in infantile spasms. Epilepsy Res. 2011 Jun 21. PubMed
    • Hong AM, et al. Infantile spasms treated with the ketogenic diet: prospective single-center experience in 104 consecutive infants. Epilepsia. 2010 Aug;51(8):1403-7. PubMed
    • Kossoff EH, et al. A case-control evaluation of the ketogenic diet versus ACTH for new-onset infantile spasms. Epilepsia. 2008 Sep;49(9):1504-9. PubMed
    • Eun SH, et al. Ketogenic diet for treatment of infantile spasms. Brain Dev. 2006 Oct;28(9):566-71. PubMed
    • Kossoff EH, et al. Efficacy of the ketogenic diet for infantile spasms. Pediatrics. 2002 May;109(5):780-3. PubMed
  • Glut1 Deficiency Syndrome

    Clinical References for Glut1 Deficiency Syndrome.

    • Ito Y, et al. A modified Atkins diet is promising as a treatment for glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2011 Jul;53(7):658-63. PubMed
    • Klepper J. Glucose transporter deficiency syndrome (GLUT1DS) and the ketogenic diet. Epilepsia. 2008 Nov;49 Suppl 8:46-9. PubMed
    • Cornejo VE, et al. Glucose transponer type 1 deficiency síndrome (GLUT-1 SD) treated with ketogenic diet. Report of one case. Rev Med Chil. 2007 May;135(5):631-5. PubMed
  • Dravet Syndrome

    Clinical References for Dravet Syndrome

    • Nabbout R, et al. Ketogenic diet also benefits Dravet syndrome patients receiving stiripentol: A prospective pilot study. Epilepsia. 2011 Jul;52(7):e54-7. PubMed
    • Veggiotti P, et al. The ketogenic diet for Dravet syndrome and other epileptic encephalopathies: an Italian consensus. Epilepsia. 2011 Apr;52 Suppl 2:83-9. PubMed
    • Caraballo RH. Nonpharmacologic treatments of Dravet syndrome: focus on the ketogenic diet. Epilepsia. 2011 Apr;52 Suppl 2:79-82. PubMed
    • Caraballo RH, et al. Ketogenic diet in patients with Dravet syndrome. Epilepsia. 2005 Sep;46(9):1539-44. PubMed
  • Myoclonic Astatic Epilepsy (also known as Doose Syndrome)

    Clinical References for Myoclonic Astatic Epilepsy (also known as Doose Syndrome).

    • Mulligan JE, et al. Myoclonic astatic epilepsy and the role of the ketogenic diet. Med Health R I. 2011 May;94(5):127-30. PubMed
    • Kossoff EH, et al. Will seizure control improve by switching from the modified Atkins diet to the traditional ketogenic diet? Epilepsia. 2010 Dec;51(12):2496-9. PubMed
    • Caraballo RH, et al. Ketogenic diet in patients with myoclonic-astatic epilepsy. Epileptic Disord. 2006 Jun;8(2):151-5. PubMed
  • Sturge-Weber Syndrome

    Clinical References for Sturge-Weber Syndrome.

    • Kossoff EH, et al. A pilot study of the modified Atkins diet for Sturge-Weber syndrome. Epilepsy Res. 2010 Dec;92(2-3):240-3. PubMed
  • Tuberous Sclerosis

    Clinical References for Tuberous Sclerosis.

    • Coppola G, et al.The effects of the ketogenic diet in refractory partial seizures with reference to tuberous sclerosis. Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2006 May;10(3):148-51. Epub 2006 Apr 24. PubMed
    • Kossoff EH, et al. Tuberous sclerosis complex and the ketogenic diet. Epilepsia. 2005 Oct;46(10):1684-6. PubMed
  • Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Deficiency

    Clinical References for Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Deficiency.

    • El-Gharbawy AH, et al. Follow-up of a child with pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency on a less restrictive ketogenic diet. Mol Genet Metab. 2011 Feb;102(2):214-5. PubMed
    • Wexler ID, et al. Outcome of pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency treated with ketogenic diets. Studies in patients with identical mutations. Neurology. 1997 Dec;49(6):1655-61. PubMed
    • Wijburg FA, et al. Leigh syndrome associated with a deficiency of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex: results of treatment with a ketogenic diet. Neuropediatrics. 1992 Jun;23(3):147-52. PubMed
    • Falk RE, et al. Ketonic diet in the management of pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency. Pediatrics. 1976 Nov;58(5):713-21. PubMed
  • Refractory Status Epilepticus

    Clinical References for Refractory Status Epilepticus.

    • Cervenka MC, et al. The ketogenic diet for medically and surgically refractory status epilepticus in the neurocritical care unit. Neurocrit Care. 2011 Dec;15(3):519-24. PubMed
    • Nam SH, et al. The role of ketogenic diet in the treatment of refractory status epilepticus. Epilepsia. 2011 Nov;52(11):e181-4. PubMed
    • Wusthoff CJ, et al. The ketogenic diet in treatment of two adults with prolonged nonconvulsive status epilepticus. Epilepsia. 2010 Jun;51(6):1083-5. PubMed
    • Kumada T, et al. Modified Atkins diet for the treatment of nonconvulsive status epilepticus in children. J Child Neurol. 2010 Apr;25(4):485-9. PubMed
  • Generalized vs. Focal Epilepsy

    Clinical References for Generalized vs. Focal Epilepsy.

    • Kayyali H, et al. A. The Ketogenic Diet Efficacy in Generalized vs Focal Epilepsy (abstract). In: American Epilepsy Society’s Annual Meeting; 2 Dec 2011-6 Dec-2011; Baltimore, MD. Abstract 2.293. Abstract
  • Non Ketotic Hyperglycinemia

    Clinical References for Non Ketotic Hyperglycinemia.

    • Cusmai R, et al. Ketogenic diet in early myoclonic encephalopathy due to non ketotic hyperglycinemia. Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2012 Jan 17. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed
  • CDKL5 Mutation

    Clinical References for CDKL5 Mutation.

    • Moseley BD, et al. Historic, Clinical, and Prognostic Features of Epileptic Encephalopathies Caused by CDKL5 Mutations. Pediatr Neurol. 2012 Feb;46(2):101-5. PubMed

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